Synthetic Aperture Sequential Beamforming implemented on multi-core platforms

Thomas Kjeldsen[1], Lee Lassen[1], Martin Christian Hemmsen[2], Carsten Kjær[3], Borislav Tomov[2], Jesper Mosegaard[1], and Jørgen Arendt Jensen[2]

[1] Alexandra Institute, Aarhus N, Denmark
[2] Dept. of Elec. Eng. Tech., Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
[3] BK Medical, Herlev, Denmark

Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2014 IEEE International, 2181-2184 (2014)


This paper compares several computational approaches to Synthetic Aperture Sequential Beamforming (SASB) targeting consumer level parallel processors such as multi-core CPUs and GPUs. The proposed implementations demonstrate that ultrasound imaging using SASB can be executed in real-time with a significant headroom for post-processing. The CPU implementations are optimized using Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) instruction extensions and multithreading, and the GPU computations are performed using the APIs, OpenCL and OpenGL. The implementations include refocusing (dynamic focusing) of a set of fixed focused scan lines received from a BK Medical UltraView 800 scanner and subsequent image processing for B-mode imaging and rendering to screen. The benchmarking is performed using a clinically evaluated imaging setup consisting of 269 scan lines × 1472 complex samples (1.58 MB per frame, 16 frames per second) on an Intel Core i7 2600 CPU with an AMD HD7850 and a NVIDIA GTX680 GPU. The fastest CPU and GPU implementations use 14% and 1.3% of the real-time budget of 62 ms/frame, respectively. The maximum achieved processing rate is 1265 frames/s.